table : annual-foodborne-illnesses-deaths

Estimated annual number of foodborne illnesses and deaths in the United States

table 7.1


This table appears in chapter 7 of the The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment report.

Adapted from Scallan et al. 2011a43f4e92-7a5e-4f80-a715-dae981a210a0; Akil et al. 20140ad0a878-82e3-4980-ae61-7341036f50aa; Kim et al. 201584097f67-e3ee-4293-a657-b7f7d2b91e29; Lal et al. 2012d429eeff-a10c-42e2-861e-5ce4506d77cf

This table is composed of this array :
aefce8fc (8x5)
Foodborne Hazard Symptoms Estimated Annual Illnesses, Hospital Visits, and Deaths Temperature / Humidity Relationship Other Climate Drivers
Norovirus Vomiting, non-bloody diarrhea with abdominal pain, nausea, aches, low-grade fever 5,500,000 illnesses; 15,000 hospitalizations; 150 deaths Pathogens Favoring Colder / Dryer Conditions Extreme weather events (such as heavy precipitation and flooding)
Listeria monocytogene Fever, muscle aches, and, rarely, diarrhea. Intensive infection can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, or life-threatening infections (meningitis). 1,600 illnesses; 1,500 hospitalizations; 260 deaths
Toxoplasma Minimal to mild illness with fever, serious illness in rare cases. Inflammation of the brain and infection of other organs, birth defects. 87,000 illnesses; 4,400 hospitalizations; 330 deaths
Campylobacter Diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. In serious cases can be life-threatening. 87,000 illnesses; 850,000 illnesses; 8,500 hospitalizations; 76 deaths Changes in the timing or length of seasons, precipitation and flooding
Salmonella spp. (non-typhoidal) Diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps; in severe cases death. 1,000,000 illnesses; 19,000 hospitalizations; 380 deaths Pathogens Favoring Warmer / Wetter Conditions Extreme weather events, changes in the timing or length of seasons
Vibrio vulnificus and parahaemolyticus When ingested: watery diarrhea often with abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever and chills. Can cause liver disease. When exposed to an open wound: infection of the skin 35,000 illnesses; 190 hospitalizations; 40 deaths Sea surface temperature, extreme weather events
Escherichia coli (E. coli) E. coli usually causes mild diarrhea. More severe pathogenic types, such as enterohemorrhagic E. Coli (EHEC), are associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome (a toxin causing destruction of red blood cells, leading to kidney failure). 200,000 illnesses; 2,400 hospitalizations; 20 deaths Extreme weather events, changes in the timing or length of seasons
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