reference : Self-reported allergies and their relationship to several Axis I disorders in a community sample

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/report/usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016/chapter/mental-health-and-well-being/reference/655cff3d-b09b-4dff-a944-516bd8f14c68
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reftype Journal Article
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Several community studies have identified associations between allergies and depressive symptoms. In this study, we evaluated the association between self-reported allergies and several Axis I disorders in a community population. METHOD: The data source was the 2002 Canadian Community Health Study. This study included the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and collected self-report data about food and environmental allergies. Crude associations were estimated and logistic regression was subsequently used to adjust for demographic variables. RESULTS: Self-reported allergies to food and non-food allergies were associated with mood and anxiety disorders, but not to substance dependence. The adjusted odds ratio for major depression in subjects reporting food allergies was 1.8 (95% CI 1.5-2.3) and for other allergies was 1.5 (95% CI 1.2-1.7). Associations of comparable strength were observed for bipolar disorder and for panic disorder/agoraphobia. The association with social phobia was statistically significant, but not as strong. CONCLUSIONS: Cross-sectional epidemiological data are most useful for descriptive purposes. This study is the first to confirm the presence of an association between allergies and mood and anxiety disorders, as opposed to symptom ratings, in a general population sample. Substance use disorders are not associated with self-reported allergies.
Author Patten, S. B.; Williams, J. V.A.
DOI 10.2190/L811-0738-10NG-7157
ISSN 1541-3527
Issue 1
Journal The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Keywords Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Canada/epidemiology; Comorbidity; Data Collection; Depressive Disorder/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis/epidemiology; Health Surveys; Humans; Hypersensitivity/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Logistic Models; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Language eng
Notes Patten, Scott B Williams, Jeanne V A Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Int J Psychiatry Med. 2007;37(1):11-22.
Pages 11-22
Title Self-reported allergies and their relationship to several Axis I disorders in a community sample
Volume 37
Year 2007
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 18153
_uuid 655cff3d-b09b-4dff-a944-516bd8f14c68