reference : Transovarial transmission of Borrelia spirochetes by Ixodes scapularis: A summary of the literature and recent observations

JSON YAML text HTML Turtle N-Triples JSON Triples RDF+XML RDF+JSON Graphviz SVG
/report/usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016/reference/bb02d9f4-230f-44e0-9837-10f095b54673
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Transovarial transmission (TOT) of Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato), the agent of Lyme disease, by the Ixodes persulcatus group of hard ticks (Ixodidae) has frequently been reported in the literature since the discovery of Lyme disease 1982. Evidence for and against TOT by B. burgdorferi has led to uncertainty and confusion in the literature, causing misconceptions that may have public health consequences. In this report, we review the published information implicating B. burgdorferi as a bacterium transovarially transmitted among ticks of the Ixodes persulcatus group and present new data indicating the transovarially transmitted agent is actually Borrelia miyamotoi. B. miyamotoi, first described in 1995, is antigenically and phylogenetically related to B. burgdorferi, although more closely related to the relapsing fever-group Borrelia typically transmitted by soft ticks (Argasidae). Borrelia infections of unfed larvae derived from egg clutches of wild-caught Ixodes scapularis are demonstrated to result from transovarial transmission of B. miyamotoi, not B. burgdorferi. The presence of this second Borrelia species, apparently sympatric with B. burgdorferi worldwide also may explain other confusing observations reported on Borrelial/xodes relationships. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Author Rollend, L.; Fish, D.; Childs, J. E.
DOI 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2012.06.008
ISSN 1877-959X
Issue 1-2
Journal Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases
Keywords transovarial transmission; borrelia miyamotoi; borrelia burgdorferi; ixodes scapularis; ticks; burgdorferi sensu-lato; dermacentor-variabilis acari; lyme-disease spirochete; southern new-york; north-sea island; miyamotoi sp-nov; ricinus ticks; monoclonal-antibody; blacklegged tick; pacificus acari
Language English
Notes 111KA Times Cited:6 Cited References Count:39
Pages 46-51
Title Transovarial transmission of Borrelia spirochetes by Ixodes scapularis: A summary of the literature and recent observations
Volume 4
Year 2013
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 17751
_uuid bb02d9f4-230f-44e0-9837-10f095b54673