Figure : measuring-change-sea

Measuring Change at Sea

Figure 2.1


This figure appears in chapter 2 of the Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Global Change Research Program for Fiscal Year 2017 report.

Multi-decadal ship-based surveys show that the ocean is taking up most of Earth’s excess anthropogenic heat, with the deep ocean warming as well as the surface layers. The figure shows average warming rates (◦C per decade) below 4,000 meters (color bar) estimated for deep ocean basins (thin gray outlines), centered on 1992–2005. Stippling indicates that warming rates in a given area are not significantly different from zero at 95% confidence—i.e., it is very unlikely that significant warming or cooling occurred in that basin over 19922005. The positions of the repeat surveys from which these warming rates are estimated are also shown (thick black lines) (Source: Talley et al, 2016, using data from Purkey and Johnson 2010 ).

When citing this figure, please reference 10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829.

Copyright protected. Obtain permission from the original figure source. PERMISSION OBTAINED: Publisher hereby grants to you a non-exclusive license to use this material. Licenses are for one-time use only with a maximum distribution equal to the number that you identified in the licensing process; any form of republication must be completed within one year from the date hereof (although copies prepared before then may be distributed thereafter)

The time range for this figure is January 01, 1970 (00:33 AM) to January 01, 1970 (00:33 AM).

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