scenario : rcp_8_5

RCP 8.5

The RCP 8.5 is developed by the MESSAGE modeling team and the IIASA Integrated Assessment Framework at the International Institute for Applies Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria. The RCP 8.5 is characterized by increasing greenhouse gas emissions over time representative for scenarios in the literature leading to high greenhouse gas concentration levels. The underlying scenario drivers and resulting development path are based on the A2r scenario detailed in Riahi et al. (2007).

www.iiasa.ac.at

Model runs : 0

Provenance
publication relationship publication activity note
this scenario cito:isCitedBy The representative concentration pathways: an overview
image f57c8e14-a95e-40c1-9cb5-a34cb8d24dab prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
image ef3bbdea-8831-454c-9e47-6b2d24ef4d4c prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
image e02d025f-6c37-4710-8a85-6f005d58d6c3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
image a2148382-af17-4f9f-9ef1-8b0e25edac8b prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
image 40022541-bcce-453b-82e0-4492bcbf6d3b prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 4.2: Projected Changes in Energy Expenditures prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 6.1: Climate Change Effects on Ecosystem Services prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 7.6: Agricultural Productivity prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 7.4: Projected Range Expansion of Invasive Lionfish prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 7.5: Regional Ecosystems Impacts prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 8.1: Cumulative Costs of Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge to Coastal Property prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 13.2: Projected Changes in Summer Season Ozone prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 18.3: Lengthening of the Freeze-Free Period prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 18.11: Observed and Projected Impacts of Excess Heat on Emergency Room Visits in Rhode Island prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 19.21: Projected Changes in Hours Worked prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 21.1: Solar Carports prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 21.9: Projected Changes in Ozone-Related Premature Deaths prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 26.3: Projected Changes in Arctic Ocean Acidity prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 26.1: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 27.10: Projected Onset of Annual Severe Coral Reef Bleaching prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 29.2: Projected Damages and Potential for Risk Reduction by Sector prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 29.3: Estimates of Direct Economic Damage from Temperature Change prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
chapter nca4 chapter 13 : Air Quality prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
chapter nca4 chapter 14 : Human Health prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 3.1: key-message-3-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 14.4: key-message-14-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
chapter nca4 chapter 18 : Northeast prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 14.2: key-message-14-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 19.4: key-message-19-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 9.2: Projected Changes in Maximum Fish Catch Potential prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 14.4: Projected Change in Annual Extreme Temperature Mortality prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 25.5: Sea Level Rise prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 25.8: Electricity Generation Capacity at Risk Under Continued Climate Change prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
figure 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
table 21.1: Average Annual 5-Day Maximum Temperature prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
table 29.1: Multisector Modeling Frameworks since NCA3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 4.1: key-message-4-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 6.1: key-message-6-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 7.3: key-message-7-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 8.1: key-message-8-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 9.2: key-message-9-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 10.2: key-message-10-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 10.1: key-message-10-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 11.3: key-message-11-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 12.1: key-message-12-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 23.1: key-message-23-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 29.2: key-message-29-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 29.3: key-message-29-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 19.3: key-message-19-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 21.1: key-message-21-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 21.4: key-message-21-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 21.6: key-message-21-6 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 23.2: key-message-23-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 2.5: key-message-2-5 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 2.9: key-message-2-9 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 24.4: key-message-24-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 24.5: key-message-24-5 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 19.1: key-message-19-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 19.2: key-message-19-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 21.3: key-message-21-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 24.1: key-message-24-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 24.3: key-message-24-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 25.1: key-message-25-1 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 25.5: key-message-25-5 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 26.5: key-message-26-5 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 21.5: key-message-21-5 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 2.2: key-message-2-2 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 2.6: key-message-2-6 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 2.10: key-message-2-10 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 16.3: key-message-16-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 22.3: key-message-22-3 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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finding 25.4: key-message-25-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 25.6: key-message-25-6 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
finding 27.4: key-message-27-4 prov:wasDerivedFrom this scenario
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